Rădulescu Speranţa

Abstract

The Oaş is a small rural region in the far north of Transylvania.
Before 1990, its community life and local culture was still very lively. Music,
with its distinct identity, was supported by several traditional institutions: the
Sunday dance, the wedding, collective pastoral feasts, the bee, and caroling.
The Oşeni were better off than their fellow countrymen, because the men often
left their villages to find employment, taking hard, but well-paid seasonal jobs
all around the country (e.g. repairing high-voltage poles). As their wealth
grew, so did their ambition to show it off. Like today, the symbols of prosperity
were houses (multistory, with monumental gates), and music, deliberately
different from all other Romanian music.
Emigration to the West began in the 1990s and intensified in the 2000s.
At the beginning, it was riddled with deprivation. In a few years, the Oşeni
organized themselves in communities where each newcomer could find shelter
and a job. After a turbulent period, the Oşeni adhered to lawfulness, and
their earnings from construction work grew substantially. They invest all
of their money in houses (the construction of which is supervised by their
parents, who stayed behind in the village), in lavish parties with live music,
and in expensive traditional costumes, which they put on occasionally, making
sure they are also photographed in them. They come back on short vacations
at Easter, on the Feast of Dormition, and at Christmas. The rest of the time,
their houses are empty.
In the new socio-economic mechanism, music, which the Oşeni play at
home, but also take with them abroad, plays an essential role. Like houses,
it runs a constant race to the heights, the super-acute register symbolizing
prestige, success, and uniqueness. This music, which I am going to speak
about, has now reached a pitch that threatens the singers’ throats and the
physical integrity of the accompanying violins.

Keywords

Romanian (rural) music; emblems of identity; musical identity

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Vydání: 17, 2015, 2