Öğüt Evrim Hikmet

Abstract

As a result of the expanding human mobilization in the today’s
world due to wars, workforce markets, etc., the scope of migration and
diaspora studies has increased in many areas. This is also true for musical
studies, where a growing body of literature has been produced about these
issues. However, by focusing mainly on settled communities and their musical
productions, such as hybrid genres and forms created in the destination
land, this literature does not adequately cover “transit migration”. Transit
migration, being a particular type of human mobility, refers to the migration
that includes at least three or more steps. This means that transit migrants
do not permanently inhabit the land they firstly enter as migrants, but are
supposed to stay in this transit country for a while and then continue their
journey in order to reach a final destination point.
In this article, I deal with this specific type of migration based on my
intense field study on the Chaldean-Iraqi migrant community in Istanbul.
The Chaldean community in Iraq, as a religious minority, is one of the most
affected groups in the ongoing situation in Iraq, especially after the US invasion
in 2003. Turkey functions as a transit country on their way to their prospective
destination points, mainly including the US, Canada, and Australia.
While dealing with the role of music during the indefinite time period that
the participants are in the process of being temporary inhabitants in a foreign
land, the applicability of the theoretical concepts of permanent migration to
temporary migration is also discussed.

Keywords

transit migration; Chaldean-Iraqi migrants; migration studies in ethnomusicology

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Vydání: 17, 2015, 2