Work in the Terrace. (Re)production of the Opposition of Football Fans in Modern Limitations

Pařízková Alena Šusta David

Abstract

Professional football as a globalised sport is increasingly shaped
by the processes of McDonaldisation. Specific places in football stadiums
known as the “kotel” became the last asylum for opposition to this development.
We grasp the interconnection of sites and individuals in the contexts
of different ideologies, and power relations through the perspective of those
football fans known as the ultras. Based on the ethnographic research of
the fans of the AC Sparta Football Club, the article shows that Spartan
ultras are formed mainly around three basic points: carnival, “kotel”, and
traditions. Carnival is a way of cheering, “kotel” is a place of practice, and
tradition means authenticity, community and continuity. The declared
principles of cheering assist in shaping the fans’ authenticity and tribal
belonging, thus creating a basis for sovereignty. They define their position
in the unequal power hierarchy of professional football in terms of tradition,
authenticity and independence, which stands as dichotomous and contradictory
to modern consumerism. However, many of their activities are modern
and glocal.

Keywords

football fans; neo-tribe; McDonaldisation; glocalisation; carnival; atmosphere; ultras

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Vydání: 17, 2015, 3