50th Anniversary of Czech Integral Anthropology

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Abstract

Fifty years ago, in December 1966, the Czech Integral Anthropology
section of the Czechoslovak Anthropological Society was officially founded.
This section represented one of the most significant – although, in the
long term, not successful – attempts of implementing the Anglo-American
approach to general anthropology in the Czech academic milieu. The Czech
Integral Anthropology section underwent a fairly dynamic, albeit, thanks to
external forces, short-lived development (it only functioned in its original form
until the beginning of the 1970s), and we can characterise it at least as an
attempt to “gather together” various anthropologically oriented tendencies in
the social sciences, humanities, and biological sciences, as well as an attempt
to integrate their findings and approaches. In Mácha‘s intentions, it was to
serve as a preparation for the complex studies of man that would achieve
international renown, whereas the goals of his colleagues were usually more
humble, for example, “merely” presenting the newest findings of Western
science to the Czech academic sphere, leading towards its greater engagement
in international discussions. We commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the
foundation of the Czech Integral Anthropology section with the series of several
conceptual texts from the low-circulation and today practically unknown
volume Sborník prací k otázkám integrální antropologie (Collection of Texts
on the Issues of Integral Anthropology, 1968), authored by philosopher Karel
Mácha, biological anthropologist Chrudoš Troníček, and social anthropologist
Milan Stuchlík.

Keywords

anthropology; Czech anthropology; anthropology – history of

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Vydání: 18, 2016, 1