Kyz ala kachuu. The Kyrgyz Tradition – A Social Drama – The Crying Game?

Gregorová Barbora

Abstract

“Ala kachuu”, literally translated as “take and run off”, is a term
used to describe the Middle Asian practice of bride kidnapping that is particularly
common in Kyrgyzstan. “Ala kachuu” exists in two possible scenarios:
First, the bride elopes with the man she loves while her parents oppose the
marriage, or second, the non-consensual kidnapping of the bride by a stranger
occurs. Both scenarios adhere to special rules and often involve the groom’s
extended family and friends. Among the locals and predominantly in rural
areas, “ala kachuu” continues to be part of traditional culture with roots in
ancient history, as depicted in the national epic “Manas”, despite of the fact
that “ala kachuu” is a criminal act often inflicting physical and psychological
harm to the young woman. The following paper presents the accounts of
a number of kidnappers’ strategies, provides a historical abstract, as well as
giving statistics from research conducted by R. Kleinbach and L. Handrahan,
and describes several actual cases of bride kidnapping.

Keywords

ala kachuu; bride kidnapping; women in Kyrgyzstan; Kyrgyz family; violence against women

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Vydání: 18, 2016, 3