Spontánně motivované nápisy a kresby. Historická graffiti na pernštejnských stavbách

Spontaneously Motivated Writings and Drawings. Historical Graffiti on Pernštejn Structures

Bartůňková Lucie

Abstract

This paper is focused on the study of historical spontaneously
motivated writings and drawings, including modern history. The text presented
here is based on the experience with the restoration of historical landmarks.
At numerous sites, valuable historical surfaces, including those with
writings, are being removed. In many cases, therefore, valuable resources
that could help create a picture of one or more significant chapters of cultural
history have disappeared forever. The aim of this contribution, among
other things, is to highlight the value of spontaneously motivated writings
as a historical resource. The text attempts to explain how we understand the
concept of graffiti, and what significance historical writings and drawings
have for our research. From the findings discovered at two structures of
the House of Pernštejn, at Litomyšl Château and at Prostějov Château,
we have attempted to describe and interpret preserved writings and drawings.
The graffiti that we have found at both of these sites represents an
exemplary set of the most often displayed symbols. However, there are also
less common symbols or cartoons, the origin of which we are attempting to
shed light on. Graffiti is reflected in many scientific fields, from art history
to cultural history, sociology, archaeology, folklore studies, psychology,
linguistics, epigraphy, landmark preservation, restoration, and heraldry.
The expression “graffiti” is problematic due to its numerous connotations. It
is a dynamic and constantly developing term. For the purposes of this text,
we will understand it as consisting of writings and drawings originating
from spontaneous thoughts, without lengthy consideration, using the most
readily available means. The study of historical spontaneously motivated
writings and drawings remains rather on the fringe of professional interest.
Nonetheless, historical spontaneously motivated writings and drawings are
a remarkable phenomenon that is not easy to grasp. Only some historical
sources enable such close and intimate insight into the authors. Based on
our observations, spontaneously motivated unofficial writings and drawings
are created from random thought. To interpret them for their use in
research in the humanities, it is necessary to get to know their environment
and related historical events well, since only then can such messages be
properly comprehended.

Keywords

writings; drawings; graffiti; symbols; signs; Prostějov; Litomyšl

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Vydání: 19, 2017, 1