A Plurality of Identities in the African-American Ghetto

Procházková Eva


Identity research is the subject of many scientific disciplines. In the
most general terms, identity can be perceived as a certain ability to become
aware of and to define one’s self. The main objective of the paper is a comprehensive
overview of a theoretical study addressing the diverse identities that
arise, form, and overlap in the specific environment of the African-American
ghetto. It is based on the findings of significant ethnographic studies, fieldwork,
autobiographies, interviews, and other sources that deal with the subject.
In the introduction, I will focus on the etymology of the concept, history,
and well-known theories defining ghetto culture. The main focus will be on
the different perceptions of territorial belonging and the formation of ethnic
identity throughout history. On the basis of selected literary sources, I will
present some individual and group identities that have been formed in the
environment in relation to lifestyle, to ways of livelihood, and to local subcultures.
In the conclusion, I will highlight some contemporary ghetto issues,
such as the consequences of globalization, gentrification and touristification.


ghetto; African Americans; territorial identity; ethnic identity; oppositional culture; advanced marginality; hip hop movement; street gangs; gentrification

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Vydání: 19, 2017, 3