The First Czech Anthropological Monograph. Josef Voráček: The Beginnings of Ownership and Law from the Perspective of Ethnology and Sociology (1936)

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Abstract

The first – unsuccessful –
attempt at establishing social or even
general anthropology in the Czech environment was the work of Josef Voráček,
dating to the interwar period. As yet, the works of Voráček have not been the
focus of the analysis they deserve; however, they are easily available – with one
exception, i.e. the brochure introducing the first Czech anthropological monograph
entitled The Beginnings of Ownership and Law from the Perspective of
Ethnology and Sociology from 1936. This work, obviously stemming from the
analytical and interpretative tradition of the “ethnology” of Mauss, primarily
uses the methodology used in philosophical anthropology. We are therefore
introducing it to the readers. The author attempts to construe the primordial
relation between property rights and magic, and it assumes that the first property
of man was their body and their personal effects, from which he derives
consequences for property-law and social relations in pre-logical societies, as
well as what remained of them in later periods of cultural development.

Keywords

social anthropology – history of; general anthropology; philosophical antropology; Czech anthropology; Voráček, Josef

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Vydání: 20, 2018, 1