Váša Ondřej

Abstract

Karel Prager’s project of the experimental housing development in
Košíře (1975) was doomed to be an ultimate failure from the beginning. As
a specific variation of Yona Friedman’s vision of the “city above the city”, it
was supposed to hover above the town, exploiting inaccessible or built‑up terrain,
as well as avoiding a costly and painful redevelopment. It promised to
be just a small sample of a universal solution for overpopulated cities, as well
as a universal construction set for any unforeseen requirements of the future
populations. For these purposes, the simple frame utilised the bridge‑system, and
also relied on the logic of the labyrinth. Yet in doing so, however unintentionally,
it both turned the existing city into a second‑rate underworld and imposed on
its inhabitants a most determinative system of limited variations, trading the
burden of architectural responsibility for the apparent freedom of combinatorics.
The essay analyses both the key structural elements of the superstructure
– the bridge, the labyrinth, the environmental aspect – and the logic of the
megastructural movement which presents a proper context for Prager’s vision.

Keywords

architecture; urbanism; bridge; megastructure; superstructure; Situationist International; Prager; Friedman; Maki

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Vydání: 20, 2018, 2