Topinka Daniel Lang Petr Čejková Olga Ondrašinová Michaela

Abstract

Expatriates are one type of international skilled labour migration.
This text will focus on conceptualising and defining categories of expatriates
for research purposes. A closer examination requires a definition that reflects
theoretical definitions, but also takes into account the local delimitation
and even the self-concept of the immigrants themselves. In this text, these
perspectives are laid out side by side. Our conceptualisation is comprised
of four basic attributes that refer to the centre of personal life (life strategies),
the temporary aspect of residence, professional or working skills, and
the motivation to migrate. At the local level, the Brno Expat Centre (BEC)
operating in the South Moravian Region, is monopolistically involved in the
definition of expatriates on a practical scale. The processes of globalisationand
trans-nationalisation have led to the diversification of forms of labour
migration, which, together with interdisciplinarity, has resulted in a considerable
ambiguity of terms and concepts. Thus, for research purposes, one
must bear in mind that despite the uniform designation, we are dealing with
a very diversified phenomenon. If expatriates are distinguished from skilled
migrants, we usually emphasise the undefined length of their stay as opposed
to permanent residence and the very important self-concept of expatriates.
Brno has become one of the most important places of concentration of expats
in the Czech Republic. From the pre-research of the Indian expats case, it
shows that the different transnational strategies are very diverse. For further
research, it is important to explore the social and demographic characteristics
of expats, and we need qualitative research that focuses on the structural
conditions of the life of expats and the self-evaluation of expats themselves,
considering ethno-cultural factors and gender. Their family members also
cannot be ignored.

Keywords

skilled migration; expatriate; conceptualisation of labour migration; adaptation of expatriates; Indian expatriates

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Vydání: 20, 2018, 2